Friday, April 29, 2011

ANGKOR In City of Temple

Angkor is northwestern Cambodia, is the site where Khmer kings established their capitals from the ninth to the twelth century. He Cambodian empire, adopted Hinduism and is still proud of it. Somerset Maugham a British novelist who visited and wrote many a story with south, Asian experience and environment, said: " No one should die before seeing Angkor "   Angkor vat city of ancient Buddhist temples. It is equal to the Egyptian Pyramids and the Taj Mahal in the UNESCO scale of man's cultural inheritance. Hardly any Hindu performs a pilgrimage to this sacred Hindu town. The legends from Ramayana, Mahabharat, Apsaras from the age of dushyanta and Shakuntala are imprinted on the majestic impressive ram parts of this ancient temple and other temples spread expansively over an area of two hundred square mile Angkor derives from its Sanskrit root " Nagar " or Holi city. Angkor was a highly developed civilization as demonstrated by its temples, sculpture and base reliefs as well as elaborate irrigation system. Today Angkor is an extensive archeological site covering more than 100 temples can be seen there however, civil houses, including places which were built with wood, no longer exist up to twelfth century, kings were Hindu. At the end of this century a Buddhist king built a number of temples complexes.

The archeological site includes many treasures the most beautiful of which is the Hindu temple of Angkor vat constructed during the first half of twelfth century. The last capital was Angkor Thom, a city of nine-square kilometers in the middle of which was built the bayon, around 1200. IT understand important changes until the end of the century. At this time Angkor kings were the masters of the most important empire in southeast Asia. The more famous temple of Angkor is " Ta Prohm " the temple of Brahma, Brahma temples an unusual object and it is said the only temple to Brahma is in Pashkar, neat Ajmer, Ta Prohm is under archeological survey of India's re installation team in Angkor. The ancient ruins echo the glory of vedic culture. They enhance and intensify the consciousness of being Hindu.

The power of the Khmer kings gradually decreased, and after the middle of fifteenth century, Angkor was just the center of small kingdom until the end of sixteenth century. Threats to the archeological site of Angkor include looting vandalism and natural forces. In 1860 French explorer Henri Mahout encountered Angkor and drew the attention of the western world to the site soon after there were several expeditions which occasionally removed sculptures from Angkor and other site in Cambodia, and brought them back to pairs along which many moulding shown presently in Musee Guimet , from 1908 to 1970, the conservation Angkor protected Angkor. During the genocide and years after Angkor was in accessible and the site suffered from neglect.

In 1989 UNESCO sent the first mission there to access the state of conservation of the site, which was inscribed on the world heritage list in December 1992. Since that time the assistance provided by the international community has increased very quickly. Angkor is now facing new problems including, growing vegetation, weathering stone, looting of the temples as well as a new and difficult challenge the amazing development of tourism site development programs are being defined to ensure the best level of protection to Angkor.

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